ReACCT aims at assessing the regional impacts of climate change on agriculture and environment in Tanzania (Morogoro) and at designing adaptation strategies and practices for small-scale agriculture and land use (agriculture, forest, hydrology, biodiversity, fishing, transport etc.). The widespread application of these adaptation strategies and practices is expected to result in resilient “agro-landscapes” and livelihood systems with improved adaptive capacity to climate change. In order to reach these goals, the project is built on 3 major analytical thrusts:
- Improving the description and understanding of inter annual climate variability, likely long term climate change in the region and their impacts on current land use systems and respective environmental, social and economic pressures.
- Assessing smallholder constraints and opportunities with regard to potential climate change impacts on agriculture and ecosystem services.
- Developing, testing, and monitoring a range of technologies and good practices for improving the overall adaptive capacity of rural households, communities, and agro-landscapes. This task is based on the results from data driven model estimates and stakeholder driven agro-landscape and livelihood scenarios.
Rather than seeking to climate proof agricultural practices to specific scenarios, this project will contribute to the development of farming systems and livelihood strategies that are robust across a range of possible futures.
After three years, the project will have achieved the following outputs:
- Regionally downscaled climate change scenarios for different IPCC emission scenarios
- Model based estimations of climate change impacts on current land use systems and practices.
- Scenarios of sustainable livelihoods and resilient agro-landscapes under climate change
- Assessment of adaptive responses/practices and criteria for best adaptation practices.
Agro-landscapes are productive, flexible and multifunctional land use options for Sustainable Development in respective regions.